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Advanced Chemistry 2018

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Inorganic Chemistry includes the study of elements with either metallic or non-metallic properties. Most of the elements are metallic for example alkali metals, alkaline earth metals, transition metals and so on. The category of non-metallic elements mainly contains elements which are gaseous in nature like hydrogen, oxygen and so on including noble gases. These all were segregated to produce new inorganic compounds based on the particular process of synthesis. This session covers the topics like:

• Mechanistic inorganic chemistry
• Classification and Characterization of inorganic compounds
• Transition Metal Complexes and Redox Reactions
• Synthetic and reaction chemistry
• Theories of Inorganic Chemistry
• Bioinorganic chemistry
• Organometallic and supramolecular chemistry
Organic chemistry is a chemistry sub-discipline concerned about the study of the properties, structure, and reactions of organic materials and organic compounds, i.e., matter in various forms that contain carbon atoms. Organic reactions study includes their scope through use in preparation of target compounds by chemical synthesis, as well as the attentive study of the reactions of individual organic molecules, both in the theoretical and laboratory study. Organic chemistry includes the synthesis, analytical methods, structure determination, reaction mechanisms and kinetics, and spectroscopic methods. It also includes organometallic chemistry, where it deals with the study of carbon-based compounds that contain metals. It also includes stereochemistry where it deals with the relative spacial arrangement of atoms. Methods of organic chemistry are heavily used in polymer chemistry, materials science and natural product chemistry.

• Characterization and properties
• Classification, chemical reactions and synthesis of organic compounds
• Graphene and Fullerene
• Diamond, Graphite and Carbon Chemistry
• Aromatic compounds: reactions and synthesis
• Conjugated systems and pericyclic reactions
Analytical chemistry is the component of chemistry most closely related to engineering and involves in the development of new instrumentation and new technology used to separate, identify, and quantify matter. It is concerned with the practical applications of chemistry, has seen increased interest in the emergence of the mega-interdisciplinary areas of nanotechnology and systems biology. It consists of classical, wet chemical methods and modern, instrumental methods. Classical qualitative methods use separation methods such as precipitation, extraction, and distillation. Instrumental methods may be used to separate samples using chromatography, electrophoresis or field flow fractionation.

• Qualitative analysis
• Quantitative analysis
• Advances in analytical methods
• Novel Approaches to Analytical Chemistry
• Nanotechnology Applications in Analytical Methods
• Drug Screening: Strategy and Methods
• HPLC Analytical Method Development and Validation
• Analytical Research Methodology
• Chemical Analytical Methods
• Analytical Equipment in Business
Physical chemistry is the study of how matter behaves on a molecular and atomic level and how chemical reactions occur. Based on their analyses, physical chemists may develop new theories, such as how complex structures are formed. Physical chemists often work closely with materials scientists to research and develop potential uses for new materials. Physical chemistry has traditionally given students broad training, and positioned them to work in a variety of scientific careers. Many people trained as physical chemists ultimately work as analytical chemists, where they work to understand the fundamental process involved in analytical techniques, allowing them to enhance and expand those techniques.

• Theoretical and Computational Chemistry
• Physical Chemistry: A Molecular Approach
• Chemical Physics
• Chemical Kinetics
• Surface Science
• Spectroscopy
• Photochemistry
• Quantum Chemistry
• Solid-state Chemistry
• Thermochemistry
• Biophysical Chemistry
Materials chemistry involves the use of chemistry for the design and synthesis of materials with interesting or potentially useful physical characteristics, such as magnetic, optical, structural or catalytic properties. It also involves the characterization, processing and molecular-level understanding of these substances. There is a lot of debate about what materials chemistry actually is. There are some that say materials chemists are just chemists in search of funding in much the same way as the physics community leaned hungrily towards materials science in search of funding over the last decade. At the other end of the spectrum there are those that take a universal view and include solid-state chemistry, carbon science and even polymer science in their definition. Of course, the truth lies between these two extreme cases and there are various committees around the world, including the NSF in the USA, engaged in trying to pin the definition down.

• Materials Science and Chemistry
• Materials Synthesis and Characterization
• Analytical Techniques and Instrumentation in Materials Chemistry
• Polymeric Materials
• Nanomaterials
• Applied Materials Chemistry
• Materials Chemistry and Physics
• Science and Technology of Advanced Materials
The property of emission of radioactive rays from radioactive elements is termed as radioactivity. Generally, elements with atomic number more than 82 show radioactivity and disintegrated to small nuclei with the emission of alpha, beta, proton, neutron particles or gamma rays. This nuclei with decomposed is called as parent nuclei and the product nuclei is termed as daughter nuclei. The atomic number and mass depends upon the type of radioactive rays emitted during nuclear reaction. The decay of radioactive parent nuclei to stable nuclei is known as radioactive decay or nuclear decay. The radioactive elements used in many different fields. Like; in atomic energy, agriculture, in different industries and in rock dating process. With advantages of radioactivity; the over dose of radioactive substances show so many adverse effect like; nausea, vomiting, headache and some loss of blood cells.

• Nuclear reactors and Nuclear Energy
• Radioactivity and its applications
• Nuclear Chain Reactions and explosives
• Health Hazards
• Radioactive compounds
• Radioactive emissions and decay
Polymer Chemistry is the branch of chemistry that deals with large molecules made up of repeating units referred to as monomers. The scope of polymer chemistry extends from oligomers with only a few repeating units to high polymers with thousands or millions of repeating units. Polymer chemistry includes branches that mimic the divisions of the field of chemistry as a whole, with synthetic (preparation methods) and physical (property determination), biological (proteins, polysaccharides, and polynucleic acids), and analytical (qualitative and quantitative analysis) chemistry. Pre-existing polymers can also be modified by chemical means - including grafting or functionalization reactions. Polymerization and modification reactions can be employed to produce designer polymers as new materials with practically any desired properties.

• Biodegradable Plastics
• Biopolymers
• Monomers
• Poly-3-hydroxybutyrate (PHB)
• Polylactic Acid
• Polymer Characterization
• Polymer Chemistry
• Polymer Design
• Bio Based Polymers
• Packaging Polymers
Pharmaceutical chemistry is the study of drugs, and it involves drug development. This includes drug discovery, delivery, absorption, metabolism, and more. There are elements of biomedical analysis, pharmacology, pharmacokinetics, and pharmacodynamics. Pharmaceutical chemistry work is usually done in a lab setting. Pharmaceutical chemistry involves cures and remedies for disease, analytical techniques, pharmacology, metabolism, quality assurance, and drug chemistry. Many pharmaceutical chemistry students will later work in a lab. Pharmaceutical chemistry leads to careers in drug development, biotechnology, pharmaceutical companies, research facilities, and more.

• Pharmaceutical Chemistry Novel Aspects
• Prospective of Medicinal Chemistry
• Computational Chemistry and Chemical Biology
• Biopharmaceutical and Biologic Drugs
• Green Chemistry in Pharma Industry
• Drug Designing Methodologies
• Drug Delivery techniques
• Drug Discovery and Development
• Concepts of Traditional Medicines
• Drug Formulation / Pharmaceutical formulation
Environmental chemistry is the scientific review of the chemical and biochemical phenomena that occur in natural places. Environmental chemistry can be described as the study of the sources, reactions, transport, effects of chemical species in the air, soil, and water environments; and the effect of human activity on these. Environmental chemistry is an integrative science that includes atmospheric, aquatic and soil chemistry, as well as uses analytical chemistry. It is allied to environmental and other areas of science. It is different from green chemistry, which tries to trim potential pollution at its source. Whereas Environmental engineering deals with the combination of sciences and engineering principles to develop the natural environment, to provide healthy air, water, and land for human habitation and for other organisms, and to procure pollution sites.

• Atmospheric Chemistry
• Chemical Ecology
• Ecotoxicology
• Environmental Chemistry
• Food Chemistry
• Geochemistry
• Green Chemistry
• Ocean Chemistry
• Soil Chemistry
Food chemistry is the science that deals with the chemical composition and properties of food and the chemical changes it undergoes. Food composition data (FCD) are detailed sets of information on the nutritionally important components of foods and provide values for energy and nutrients including protein, carbohydrates, fat, vitamins and minerals and for other important food components such as fibre. The data are presented in food composition databases (FCDBs). Knowledge of the chemical composition of foods is the first essential in dietary treatment of disease or in any quantitative study of human nutrition.

• Agrochemistry
• Food Science and Technology
• Chemistry of Food Constituents
• Hydrocolloids in Food Industry
• Rheology and Kinetics of Chemical Reaction in Food
• Food Preservatives and Packaging
• Food Adulteration
• Regulatory Control of Food Composition, Quality, and Safety
• Nutrition and Functional Foods
• Nutritional Disorder Management
• Nutraceuticals and Dietary Supplements
• Current Research in Food Chemistry, Nutrition and Dietetics
• Food Waste and Recycling
Biochemistry goes about as an instrument to explore and to ponder atomic science, manages the structure, capacity and associations among natural macromolecules. It incorporates every one of the parts of present day sub-atomic and cell organic chemistry. Atomic science being the investigation of sub-atomic underpinnings of the procedures of replication, interpretation, interpretation, and cell work. The focal code of atomic science where hereditary material is translated into RNA and after that changed over into protein, regardless of being distorted, still gives a decent beginning stage to understanding the field.

• Central Dogma
• DNA polymerases
• Enzymology
• Gluconeogenesis & Glycolysis
• Metabolism of biomolecules
• Microarrays
• Molecular Cloning
• Nucleic Acids
• Plant Biochemistry
• Polymerase Chain Reaction
• Techniques of molecular biology
• Forensic Science and engineering
Instrumentation is the development or use of measurement tools for the observation, monitoring or control of chemical processes. Research in this area ranges from development of new instruments to novel applications of existing instruments for understanding complex physical and chemical processes. Chemistry students routinely use sophisticated instrumentation, including a Bruker multinuclear 400 MHz nuclear magnetic resonance spectrometer, a Varian Vista MPX inductively coupled plasma (ICP) spectrometer, and an IonSpec HiRes Matrix Assisted Laser Desorption/Ionization (MALDI)-Fourier Mass Spectrometer (FTMS). The MALDI- FTMS is the only instrument of its kind at an undergraduate institution. Other departmental resources include a Biotage Flash Purification System, facilities for time-resolved luminescence and low temperature (4.2 K-room temperature) optical spectroscopy and a Vacuum Atmospheres inert-atmosphere workstation with an integrated gas purification system.

• Spectroscopy
• Separation Techniques and HPLC-High Performance Liquid Chromatography
• X-Ray Crystallography
• Electrochemical analysis
• Hybrid techniques
• Microscopy